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     Editor: Burhan PEYNİRCİ (English Teacher)
OTHER CONDITIONALS


1) Unless: We usually use "unless" in order to mean "if not". If we compare the sentence with "if not" and "unless" we will see that "NOT" is not used in the sentences with "unless".
If you don't come, I won't invite you again.
Unless you come, I won't invite you again.

Unless you leave home at once, you will be late for work.
You can't pass the Yds exam unless you memorize a lot of words.

  • In the unless clause , a negative statement can also be used. In this case the meaning is emphasized.


  • Don't go out in the midday sun unless you really can't avoid it.
    (=Don't go out in the midday sun if you can avoid it.)

  • "Otherwise" which is an adverb also means "if not".


  • The students obey all the rules otherwise they will be punished.

    2) provided/providing that ,as long as/so long as, only if

    These structures are all in the meaning of IF. However, the meaning is more stressed.

    You can pass the exam only if you study hard.
    You can pass the exam provided that you study hard You can pass the exam providing that you study hard.
    You can pass the exam as long as you study hard.
    You can pass the exam so long as you study hard.


    We may use all these expressions in the beginning of the statement but the main clause is inverted in the sentence with "only if".
    Providing that you study hard, you can pass the exam.
    Only if you study hard can you pass the exam.

    3) Even if:
    We use "even if" when we want to give the idea that a particular condition does not matter, the result won't change.

    We have decided to go on a picnic even if it rains. I won't forgive him even if he apologizes to me Seyfeddin would have gone to the mosque even if his father hadn't allowed.


    4) Whether or not: We use "whether or not" (Not "if or not")in order to introduce alternative conditionals. We use this item in order to express the idea that neither this condition nor that condition matters.

    I will go to the party whether they invite me or not.
    (=Even if they don't invite me to the party, I will go.)


    5) Suppose that ; Supposing that ; On condition that ; What if

    Suppose(that) you won the big prize, what would you do?
    Supposing (that) we miss the train, what shall we do?
    You can take my dictionary on condition that you bring it back by Friday.
    What if your pay check doesn't arrive in time?
    (=What will happen if your pay check doesn't arrive in time?
    What if he didn't come tomorrow?
    (=What would happen if he didn't come tomorrow?)

    What if you hadn't learnt the news?
    (=What would have happened if you hadn't learned the news?)
    6) In case :
    It expresses a sort of precaution.


    "In case and if"are completely different.
    I will take my umbrella in case it rains.
    I took my umbrella in case it rained.
    I will go to my mother in case she needs help.(...ihtiyacı olur diye...)
    I will go to my mother if she needs help.(...ihtiyacı olursa...)


    Tenses used with IN CASE

    Main Clause
    In Case
    Subordinate Clause
    Future(will or going to)
    Simple Present
    Present Continuous
    Present Perfect
    In Case
    Simple Present
    Should
    Can, can't
    Would(used to)
    Past Tense
    Past Perfect
    In Case
    Past Tense
    Past Perfect
    should
    Could ,couldn't

    (Note : There's a sequence of tense in "in case")


    Some students are carrying lots of pencils in case they need them.

    I have taken my dictionary in case I can need it.
    I had a glass of water by my bed in case I got thirsty.

  • We may use "should" in both present and past forms. It only indicates a weak possibility.


  • He would always take his umbrella in case it should rain.
    I want to give you my phone number in case you should need me.

  • We may express "in case" with some other expressions such as because, for fear that... etc:


  • I always put some money aside in case I need it urgently.
    I always put some money aside because I may need it urgently.
    I always put some money aside for fear that I may need it urgently.


    In case of + a noun=In the event of

    In case of emergency , you can call this number.
    In the event of panic, call me.


    7) Otherwise/or (else)

    Tom always eats breakfast. Otherwise he gets hungry.(=If he doesn't eat breakfast...)
    Tom always eats breakfast, or(else) he gets hungry.


    8) and

    Stay at home for two days, and you'll feel better.
    (=If you stay at home for two days, you'll feel better.)


    9) But

    I would visit you, but I don't know your address.
    (=I would visit you if I knew your address.)


    I would have phoned you, but I didn't know you were ill.
    (=I would have phoned you if I had known you were ill.)


    10) But for

    We use "but for" for type-2 and type-3


    My husband pays the fees, but for that I wouldn't be here for a while.
    My husband paid the fees, but for that I wouldn't have been there.
    But for your help, I wouldn't pass the exam.
    I passed the exam. But for your help, I wouldn't have passed it.

    11) Without

    Without his generous contributions, we could never have held the the Charity Ball.
    (=If he hadn't contributed generously...)
    I can't possibly finish this job without any help.
    (=I can't possibly finish this job if I don't get any help.)


    12) Omission of if

    "if" is sometimes left out in conversational style .


    You touch me again , I'll kick your teeth in . (=If you touch again ... )


      Conditionals Home Page  

    The conditional sentences in general
      Type 0   Type 1   Type 2   Type 3   Mixed Type    Other Conditionals
       Various structures with If   Omitting If ( Inversion )    When and If
       Tables of conditionals

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